Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Website Design - A Bit of History

Website Design is an industry that has enormous market potential, even today almost everyone has learned that, at various levels and stages of the competition. Most DIY website design architects use templates easily accessible, such as WordPress and start your "web development" project effortlessly.

However, designers of commercial websites and professional developers are not short of jobs and demand for their skills and talents seem to grow every day. Their web site designs have helped businesses, individuals, nonprofit organizations and others to improve their presence throughout the world through websites e-commerce/web marketing attributes, blogs, social networks, popularity and Survey surveys, communication and so on. It's a wonder how the earth appears to have decreased due to the ease and efficiency of people get anything and everything under the sun with the incredible team and the Internet.

Is it not appropriate to thank all who started this and how it happened? A little history ...

The beginnings of the Internet dates back to as early as the 1950 and 1960, when the first computers were developed. It was not as we know it today, but it was a simple communication link point to point between central computers and terminals. Later expanded to point connections between devices.

The concept of the Internet as we know it today is one that we can thank the Soviets. When the USSR launched Sputnik in 1957 as the first artificial satellite in Earth orbit, caused the U.S. to create the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the following year to regain technological superiority. ARPA, in turn, created the Office of Information Processing Technology (IPTO) which became responsible for the creation of networks for the first time, radar systems throughout the country as a whole. Everything was military at the beginning and the IPTO was accused of dealing with the survival of its communications network. Information Technology (IT) experts from Harvard University and MIT were employed by IPTO and its subregional organizations for project networks.

In 1965, Lawrence Roberts was recruited to the project because of his knowledge of packet switching technology that ensures a better robustness of the network and disaster survival. Based on the technology, Leonard Kleinrock, a UCLA professor developed the theoretical foundations of packet networks in 1962 and hierarchical routing in the 1970's. A two-level hierarchical routing is the foundation of the Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol (TCP / IP). It took a little more improvements and refinements of the original TCP / IP convention until TCP/IPv4 (version 4) reached the desired level of stability for the "powerful networks, fault-tolerant computer and distributed" that was the dream and goal U.S. government of the time and became, and remains, the standard protocol used by the Internet as we know it today.

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